WEBVTT
00:00:02.040 --> 00:00:15.720
Given that the measure of angle πΆπ΄π΅ equals 39 degrees and πΈ is the midpoint of line segment π΄πΆ, find the measure of angle π΅πΉπΈ.
00:00:17.200 --> 00:00:27.400
So letβs have a look at this figure that weβre given, and we can fill in the measure of angle πΆπ΄π΅, which is 39 degrees.
00:00:28.600 --> 00:00:35.640
The angle measure that we wish to find out is the measure of angle π΅πΉπΈ, which is here.
00:00:36.960 --> 00:00:43.040
The center of the circle is here at point π, and we have two chords in the circle.
00:00:44.160 --> 00:00:51.400
The line segment π΄π΅ is a chord and so is the line segment π΄πΆ.
00:00:52.160 --> 00:01:01.920
They are chords because both of these lines is a line segment joining two distinct points on the circumference.
00:01:03.160 --> 00:01:12.840
Taking a closer look at the chord π΄πΆ, we can see that itβs divided into two equal or congruent pieces.
00:01:13.840 --> 00:01:19.840
In fact, we could also say that this chord π΄πΆ has been bisected.
00:01:21.040 --> 00:01:29.800
Letβs recall that there is an important property which involves a line from the center of a circle to a chord that has been bisected.
00:01:31.120 --> 00:01:54.440
This property tells us that if we have a circle with center π΄ containing a chord, line segment π΅πΆ, then the straight line that passes through π΄ and bisects line segment π΅πΆ is perpendicular to line segment π΅πΆ.
00:01:55.800 --> 00:02:06.280
We can even say by changing the letters in the general statement that this is exactly what we have here.
00:02:07.520 --> 00:02:12.720
The chord π΄πΆ has been bisected by this line from the center π.
00:02:13.600 --> 00:02:17.760
And so that means that this line is perpendicular to the chord.
00:02:19.240 --> 00:02:22.640
Letβs consider how this piece of information is useful.
00:02:23.560 --> 00:02:34.800
Well, we can take this triangle π΄πΉπΈ and consider that we have two angles that we know and one which we donβt know.
00:02:36.080 --> 00:02:46.000
In fact, if we did know this angle measure of π΄πΉπΈ, then we could work out the measure of the angle π΅πΉπΈ that weβre asked to calculate.
00:02:47.000 --> 00:02:59.760
We can use the property that the interior angle measures in a triangle add to 180 degrees to help us work out the angle measure of π΄πΉπΈ.
00:03:00.920 --> 00:03:12.800
So we can say that 90 degrees plus 39 degrees plus the measure of angle π΄πΉπΈ must be equal to 180 degrees.
00:03:13.960 --> 00:03:31.360
We can simplify 90 degrees plus 39 degrees as 129 degrees and then subtract this value from both sides of the equation, giving us that the measure of angle π΄πΉπΈ is 51 degrees.
00:03:32.840 --> 00:03:37.160
Next, we can work out the required angle measure of angle π΅πΉπΈ.
00:03:38.080 --> 00:03:47.880
And we can do that by remembering that the angles on a straight line add up to 180 degrees.
00:03:48.840 --> 00:03:57.400
That means that 51 degrees plus the measure of angle π΅πΉπΈ will be equal to 180 degrees.
00:03:58.240 --> 00:04:11.920
This means, of course, that the measure of angle π΅πΉπΈ can be found by subtracting 51 degrees from both sides, giving us an answer of 129 degrees.
00:04:13.280 --> 00:04:29.120
And so we find the answer using this very important property, which allowed us to work out that the line which bisected the chord and passes through the center is also perpendicular to the chord.